For making a precise identification, the physician would need to review the signs and symptoms of fibromyalgia in females, which could comprise of:
list of symptoms of fibromyalgia
Extensive pain is typical to over ninety-seven per cent of people living with fibromyalgia and the main reason that drives people to seek medical advice. Disparate to osteoarthritis joint aches, pain due to fibromyalgia is felt through the body.
It could be deep-set, sharp-shooting, bothersome, excruciating, dulling or agonizing in the muscle, ligament and tendon area around the joint. In few individuals, the pain is transitory and could also appear to travel all through the body.
2. Excruciating Tender Points
Alongside deep muscular tenderness and body pains, people living with fibromyalgia experience excruciating tender points or soreness localized to specific regions around the joints, painful when finger pressure is applied. The adjoining tissues instead of the joints are sore and are often superficially situated underneath the skin’s surface.
These sore points are not randomly felt. However, they are in expected regions on the body. Such tender points on an otherwise healthy individual would sense like pressure being applied, whereas in the case of a person living with fibromyalgia, it could cause intense pain. This is also included in symptoms of fibromyalgia in females.
Persistent exhaustion is the main grievance constantly felt that patients cite despite having been well-rested. Such weariness often resembles that of flu signs or like having been through a lengthy, gruelling workday and having skipped out on a significant amount of sleep.
Weariness is felt on waking up at dawn, after having performed mild activities like having shopped for groceries or cooked a meal, too exhausted to commence a task like fold clothing or ironing them, too tired to work out or even more tired after having exercised, too tired to engage in sex or functioning sufficiently at work.
4. Sleep troubles
Disturbances in sleep are one of the most prevalent symptoms of fibromyalgia in females experienced by patients. Issues like trouble to fall asleep and unable to have deep slumber and easily awakened, thus experiencing exhaustion and a continuous sense of weariness.
These patients sense continual interruptions while asleep, restricting the length of time of deep slumber and thus are incapable of rejuvenating themselves.
5. Morning Rigidity
Nearly 3/4th of the patients have been identified with overall rigidity during morning times, affecting the muscle, joint areas of the arm, leg, and back. Thus, the need for loosening up is often felt before starting their everyday tasks.
In some cases, the rigidity is short-term, whereas, for others, it is apparent for over fifteen to twenty minutes every day and in others lasting for hours on end or the entire day. This rigidity is the analogous sensation felt by inflammatory or rheumatoid arthritis patients.
Depression is one of the main symptoms of fibromyalgia, with nearly 1 in 4 patients having existing major depression whereas 1 in 2 patients having lifetime past case of depression. Stress arising due to continual weariness and pain could lead to apprehension. Additionally, chronic pains could lead to lesser activeness and becoming reclusive, which could cause depression.
Unease and depression could essentially be a segment of fibromyalgia-like that of pain. Several depressed fibromyalgia patients speak of facing immense problems in maintaining attentiveness while doing their tasks alongside impeded short-range memory sometimes. This also holds for symptoms of fibromyalgia in females.
7. Neurological Complaints
Feeling numb, burning, and tingling sensations felt in the arm, hand or leg region prevalent in the case of over half the fibromyalgia sufferers, and the reasons behind them are still unknown.
These sensations (paresthesia) could be irritating, particularly during the morning time when rigidity also arises. However, these feelings could sporadically occur and last for some minutes or could be steadily felt.
8. Persistent Chronic Headaches
Nearly seventy per cent of people living with fibromyalgia complain of ongoing headaches like recurring migraines or tension form of headaches and vastly impinges on an individual’s capability of coping with and self-managing fibromyalgia. Any form of pain felt in the upper portion of the back and neck could frequently lead to rigidity.
Hence neck muscles contracting, resulting in tension-type or muscle-contraction headaches. Tender points located over the backside of the neck, the head region could additionally be the cause.
9. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Nearly forty to seventy per cent of fibromyalgia patients often experience abdominal gaseousness and pains, feeling nauseous, loose bowels and feeling constipated. GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) or acid reflux is also noted to occur with similar high regularity.
10. Urinary Frequency
Nearly twenty-five per cent of fibromyalgia patients feel the urgency for urinating, increased frequency, and pains during urinating or incontinence issues. As such, issues could also be occurring due to kidney, bladder ailments like an infection. Hence, it is vital to seek a medical opinion to rule out other problems.
11. Excruciating Menstrual Cramps
Unusual agonizing menstrual cramping occurs in thirty to forty per cent or more female fibromyalgia sufferers alongside other signs that generally last for years on end. This is included in symptoms of fibromyalgia in females.
12. Restless Legs Syndrome
Restless legs syndrome results in discomforting sensations felt in the leg, particularly in the leg regions beneath the knee and feet and particularly troublesome during nighttimes. Such feelings are generally pain-causing though persistently expressed as the requirement to move the legs to feel a sense of comfort.
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This could interrupt sleep patterns as the individual is constantly seeking a comfortable stance for resting. Similar to other signs, restless legs syndrome could occur on its own or alongside other medical conditions.