What is Urinary Incontinence?

urinary incontinence types

Urinary Incontinence is involuntary urination due to loss of bladder control. A person may feel embarrassed for not being able to control his own body. Good thing, there are available therapies known to manage or maybe, regain continence. This physical condition can affect both men and women of all ages. Aside from the leakage, other symptoms may be present:

Urgency is the strong urge of a person to take a pee even if the urinary bladder isn’t full yet, which can be accompanied by discomfort in the pelvic area. Another is frequent urination, about 6-8 times daily, even with normal liquid intake. Waking up in the middle of the night 2 or 3 times to urinate is called nocturia.

Factors like an infection in the bladder, being obese, giving birth, weakened pelvic floor muscles, chronic illness, medications, abnormalities in the urinary tract, neuromuscular problems, negative stress, smoking, caffeine, and hormonal imbalance due to menopause may all contribute to Urinary Incontinence.

For instance, childbirth requires a change in the body of a woman. Over time, this can cause the pelvic floor muscles to weaken, which leads to loss of bladder control. The urinary bladder’s function is to house urine before it gets excreted by the body.

It signals the brain when it’s already full, telling us to urinate. Together with the pelvic floor muscles, the sphincter has to be strong to hold the urine. The sphincter keeps the urethra closed until we are ready to go. To urinate, the sphincter relaxes, and then the bladder muscle contracts to squeeze the urine out of the bladder, passing through a tube called the urethra.

To help a person regain continence, they need to discuss the problem with a health provider. Initially, there will be screening about health history. The patient needs to tell the physician if there has been a history of Incontinence in the family. Then, a thorough examination by the physician will follow. This includes the pelvis exam and urinalysis. Who will then measure the urine in the bladder after urinating?

After a thorough analysis, individualized treatment will be designed for the patient. For example, to treat urinary Incontinence, education about the urinary bladder and Kegel muscles. Retraining of the bladder through scheduling can also be practised. Another effective method is to give muscles the pelvic floor some workout. Who can prescribe medication for an infection?

Replacing hormones, stopping abnormal contractions, or tightening the sphincter muscles can also be done because obesity is also attributed to Incontinence, who can also discuss dietary modification with a health provider. Moreover, Who may also advise the surgical procedure to correct the position of the bladder.

A specific exercise, called the Kegel exercise, helps strengthen the muscles of the pelvic floor. First, the right muscle needs to be identified. You can do it by trying to stop urinating after partially emptying the bladder. If you were able to stop the flow of urine, you contracted the right muscle. Next, contract the muscle and hold it for 3 seconds in 10-15 repetitions to do the exercise.

Mothers usually learn Kegel exercises during their childbirth lessons, but the best time to start practising it is during the adolescent stage, just when a girl has begun her menstruation.

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