SQL vs MySQL – The Difference


Web development is becoming more popular and more dynamic in the upcoming days. As a result, the database has become an important part of the website, and even the basic elementary applications use database function in one way or another.

Nowadays, almost every website store retrieves and modifies the data to deliver a specific output or results. Therefore, the database has become one of the most essential with the basic idea of several relational database management systems or RDBMS with the maximum use of the database.

Suppose you are not a web developer and merely manage a WordPress website, and it is highly recommended to read further to get better knowledge and ideas.

What is a Relational Database Management System?

A relational Database management system is software by which the user can interact with the databases to update and modify the data.

In a relational database management system, every data is stored in the basic format by using rows and columns in a spreadsheet or other. This makes it easier to understand and place important information for a person to traverse through it.

The value of every table is related to each other in one and another way. The several relational database management system software provides a visual representation of the data and allow the creation of changes visually.

The most crucial relational database management systems include SQL and MySQL servers. As per the fact, it is said that MySQL is the latest trend and dominates the whole database space with a 38.9% share. Both systems work based on SQL servers and perform distinctly by performing the same functions.

If we talk about the similar functions of both the system, then the system uses a table to store data, information and essential references. It can control. Multiple databases in a single server only.

Before knowing the difference between SQL and MySQL, let’s briefly know the individual section.

What is SQL?

SQL is a Structured Query Language that is used to access and manage databases. In SQL, users can add, retrieve, remove, and access data in a specific database by taking the help of this. It is a standard language that is used to manage data that is inside the database.

With its help, users can make programs act according to the need for tinkering with the database.

In SQL Server, users don’t need to specify how to make and create a record as it is one of the most natural database languages. It also provides the benefits of accessing multiple records by a single command. This allows us to make and create changes according to the database systems.

What is MySQL?

It is an open-source relational database management system that MySQL AB created. After that, this system was acquired by the Oracle Corporation.

MySQL is open-source software that is free and easier to use. The code is created in the open form so that the developers can easily modify it. It is one of the most known relational management database systems, and it is mostly used on the web rather than offline data management.

It is written in C and C++ languages. It supports all major platforms such as Windows, Solaris, and many others. In addition, the system has been implemented in several web applications in which are database-driven.

Many popular websites like Facebook and Twitter also take help of it in one or different ways. MySQL service is free, and it is very popular among start-up communities. It is generally used with PHP and APACHE web servers.

Difference between MySQL and SQL

Now, you have to understand the basic knowledge of SQL and MySQL. First, let’s have a look at the differences between SQL and MySQL.

  • It is a query language. MySQL is known as a database management system.
  • It is created to manage the relational database, while MySQL is open-source software based on SQL language. With the help of MySQL, users can tinker with the data stored in a database.
  • This is the structured query language, and the latter is the database software that uses SQL to male queries for the database. Since SQL is a query language, it does not require any update and the commands remain the same. While on the other hand, MySQL is software that receives frequent software updates.
  • To use it, users will require to invest hours in learning languages, while on the other hand, MySQL allows users to download the software and install it for further process. It is quite easier to download and install. Users get easy access to manage the database by using the latest MySQL software.
  • Both are popular servers but offer different features.

Difference between SQL-based systems

  • Licensing

SQL Server is proprietary software owned by Microsoft, and it is the source code that is not open for others. While on the other hand, MySQL is free and open-source software that Oracle Corporation owns. But both of the SQL-based systems are written in the same C and C++ languages.

  • Syntax

It is said that SQL server syntax is simple and very easy to use compared to MySQL server syntax. But, on the other hand, mySQL server syntax is complicated.

  • Multilingual

SQL server is a language that comes with different languages and hence gives it immense popularity. MySQL, on the other hand, supports the English Language.

  • Supported Platform

Generally, the SQL server supports Linux, macOS, Windows servers a d the system is available on Linux and macOS. But this lacks a certain set of essential features while, on the other hand, MySQL server supports all the popular OS out and completely.

  • Supported Programming Languages

SQL supports several programming languages like C++, JAVA, GO, PHP, VB, etc. While on the other hand, MySQL supports all the languages, and it also performs with languages like Perl, Tcl, and Scheme.


In some scenarios, MySQL seems to be a better option than SQL server.

In the end, it depends on the user’s personal preferences and chooses to pick one of these technologies. It is a medium or small-sized web application that uses PHP, and for a large-scale business, an SQL server would be perfect for security and enterprise-related systems.


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